Capt. Henry Montolieu
Bouverie (d 1854 aged 24), Capt. Coldstream Guards, who was killed at the Battle of
Inkerman 5 November 1854.
He was the
only son of Lt-Gen. Sir Henry Frederick Bouverie
(1783-1852), GCB, GCMG, Governor of Malta, of Woolbeding
Hall, Woolbeding, Sussex (son of Hon. Edward Bouverie
(1738-1810) of Delapre Abbey, Northamptonshire, second
surviving son of Jacob Bouverie (1694-1761), 1st Viscount
Folkestone, whose eldest son, William (1725-1776), was
created Earl of Radnor in 1765) and Julia de Montolieu.
Henry's sister, Henrietta (d 1929), married in 1851 Hugh
Montolieu Hammersley (1825-1896), 5th Baron of St.
Hippolyte (Holy Roman Empire).
An officer of
the Coldstream Guards
Coldstream Guards at Inkerman ('Second charge of the
Guards when they retook the Two Gun Battery at the Battle
Coldstream Guards at Inkerman
Battle of Inkerman
PERSONAL INCIDENTS - AWFUL ASPECT OF THE FIELD -
From the Correspondence of LONDON MORNING HERALD
BAKLAVA, 10 O'Clock PM, 8 November
By the delay of the Caradoc, which
carries down the dispatches to Constantinople, I have an
opportunity of sending a few more particulars of the
bloody struggle at Inkerman. It is now admitted on all
hands that the attack of the enemy took the English
completely by surprise, and a good deal of murmuring and
dissatisfaction is expressed at our right flank near
Inkermann being left without either trenches or
breastworks. Had there been either the Russian loss would
have been double, and our loss less than half of what we
have now to deplore. Our total loss is 38 officers
killed, 95 wounded, and 2400 rank and file killed and
wounded-in all, upwards of 2500 men, which just now we
can ill afford. The French lost 12 officers killed, 35
wounded, and 1500 rank and file killed and wounded. the
Russian loss is far beyond what was first estimated. At
the lowest computation it seems rather over than under
the enormous amount of 20,000 men. Up to this evening,
5,000 corpses have been intorred, and there still remains
as many more upon the field.
Neither the Duke of CAMBRIDGE nor
Major MACDONALD are, as it was first reported, wounded.
both had most extraordinary escapes. The Duke had his
horse completely smashed under him by a round shot, and
the fall of the animal bruised his leg severely. Beyond
this he was not hurt. Major MACDONALD, also, as at Alma,
had his horse killed under him. In fact, nearly all the
staff officers were either wounded or had their horses
killed. Perhaps there never was an infantry action in
which so many chargers, and artillery horses were
destroyed. Altogether, with staff, we lost about 150, the
French about 100, and the Russians nearly 400 horses.
Their mangled bodies quite covered the ground. Lord
RAGLAN and staff were in the front of the troops, and in
the very thickest of the fire. So hot was the cannonade
and musketry round his lordship that no one can
understand how he escaped uninjured. An 8-in. shell came
roaring and hissing along the ground, passed right
between the legs of Lord RAGLAN'S horse, and exploded
behind him and the staff. They were covered for the
moment with dust and smoke, but fortunately escaped
unhurt. Major-General STRANGWAYS was killed close beside
Lord RAGLAN. When raised from the ground he was perfectly
calm and collected, and appeared not to suffer in the
least. His thigh was fractured near the hip joint, and
the brave old soldier looked at the mangled limb with
perfect composure, saying he knew the wound was mortal.
He died in about half an hour after the amputation was
performed. Sir GEORGE CATHCART, who was only a few paces
in front of Lord RAGLAN, was shot through the heart, and
fell from his horse a dead man. Colonel SEYMOUR, who was
with him instantly dismounted, and was endeavoring to
raise the body, when he himself received a ball which
fractured his leg. He fell to the ground beside his
general, and a Russian officer and five or six men
running in bayoneted him, and cut him to pieces as he lay
helpless. General CATHCART's corpse was also bayoneted in
five or six places. I have mentioned in my letter of this
morning, the cold-blooded cruelty with which the enemy
treated all the wounded who fell into their hands. In not
one solitary instance, as far as can yet be ascertained,
was a man spared.
The Coldstream Guards, when they
retired from the Two-gun Battery, leaving about 100
wounded behind, were maddened to perceive that the
instant the enemy occupied the place they commenced
massacring all the poor defenceless objects. The
conduct of the Coldstream Guards should immortalize their
name. They fought literally to the death. They went into
action with 16 officers and about 400 men, and out of
this small number had 8 officers killed, 5 wounded, and
upwards of 200 rank and file killed and wounded. The
Grenadiers and Fusiliers also performed prodigies. On the
whole, the brigade of guards lost 13 officers killed, 15
wounded, and 580 rank and file, out of about 1,600 men
engaged. The Coldstreams charged the enemy at the point
of the bayonet eleven times. At each time the Russians
crossed bayonets, and fought fiercely, but were
slaughtered like sheep by our gallant fellows.
The three battalions of Guards now barely mustered 1,000
effective men. After the Guards, the 2d and 4th divisions
have suffered most. The 95th and 30th Regiments are the
principal sufferers, having lost most of their officers
and men. The unfortunate 23d Regiment of the light
division, which was so terribly cut up at Alma, has again
last heavily. The 20th and 55th Regiments, of the 4th
division, have lost many men and officers, as well as the
41st, 47th, and 49th Regiments, of the 2d division. A
council of war had been held between the chiefs of the
allies on the 4th, at which it was decided Sebastopol
should be stormed on the 6th. Another council of war was
to have been held on the 5th, when the sudden attack
prevented it. So completely were the English taken by
surprise, that some of the regiments came up by small
companies at a time. Had there been anything but English
troops in the position, the surprise would have been
The Return from Inkerman by Lady
Funeral of Coldstream Guards
officers killed at Inkerman
officers of the Coldstream Guards died at Inkerman on 5th
November 1855. This painting shows officers of the
regiment being buried. There is a memorial on Cathcart's
Hill with the following names on it:
Lt-Col Hon Thomas Vesey Dawson aged
Lt-Col C Murray Cowell aged 30
Lt-Col Lionel D Mackinnon aged 29
Capt Hon G C C Eliot aged 26
Capt Henry M Bouverie aged 24
Capt Frederick H Ramsden aged 24
Lieut Edward A Disbrowe aged 20
Lieut Cavendish H Greville aged 20
Officers' graves at Cathcart Hill.
The Memorial says 'Here lie the bodies of Lt. Colonel the
Honble. T. Vesey Dawson, Lt Colonel C. Murray Cowell, Lt.
Colonel Lionel D. Mackinnon, Captain Henry M. Bouverie,
Captain the Honble. G.C.C. Eliot, Captain Edward A.
Disbrowe, Captain Frederick H. Ramsden, Lieut. Cavendish
H. Greville. of the Coldstream Guards who fell at
Inkerman on the 5th Novr 1854.' They were buried in one
Graves of officers in the fort at
Cathcart Hill by William Simpson (1823-1899)
These graves were apparently
destroyed during the Cummunist era.
Cathcart Hill monument today
View from Cathcart Hill monument
Monument in St. Paul's Cathedral to
officers of the Coldstream Guards killed at Inkerman
including Capt. Henry Monolieu Bouverie. An image of the
gravestone at Cathcart Hill is shown.
Further monuments to Captain Henry
Montolieu Bouverie are:
Royal Military Chapel,
Wellington Barracks, London:
"In memory of Lieutenant and
Captain Henry Montolieu Bouverie, Coldstream Guards.
Killed at Inkerman, 5th November 1854. Only son of
Lieut-General Sir H. Bouverie, also of the Coldstream.
Placed by a comrade, the last surviving in the regiment,
1880. Arthur Lyon Fremantle, Colonel and
I believe that this monument was
destroyed by a V1 bomb during World War II.
All Hallows Church,
All Hallows Church, Woolbeding,
Sussex, with Woolbeding Hall in the background, home of
Capt. Bouverie's parents, Lt-Gen. Sir Henry Frederick
Bouverie (1783-1852), GCB, GCMG, Governor of Malta, and
Julia de Montolieu.
"Sacred to the memory of Henry
Montolieu Bouverie of the Coldstream Guards, only son of
Henry Frederick Bouverie, Killed at the Battle of
Inkerman in the Crimea November 5th 1854 aged 24
Royal Garrison Church,
'HENRY MONTOLIEU BOUVERIE, Captain
Coldstream Guards, killed at Inkerman.'
Holy Trinity, Clewer
'Captain Henry Montolieu Bouverie,
1st Battalion Coldstream Guards, only son of
Lieut.-General Sir Henry T. Bouverie, G.C.B., G.C.M.G.;
killed at Inkerman 1854, aged 24.' (Arms: Quarterly 1st
& 4th: Per fesse gold and silver, a double-headed
eagle sable, on the breast an escutcheon gules charged
with a bend vair (Bouverie). 2nd & 3rd: Azure, a
fleur-de-lys gold between, in chief, three crescents and,
in base, two mullets silver (Montolieu).
See here and here.
For a history of the Coldstream
Guards see here and for Inkerman see here.
Map of the Battle of Inkerman from here overlaid on a Google satellite image. The approximate location of the
Sandbag Battery, where the Coldstream Guards were
engaged, is shown by the red pointer.
Rejoicing After The Battle Of
Rejoice! the fearful day is
For the victors and the slain;
Our cannon proclaim from shore to shore,
The Allies have won again!
Let our joy bells ring out music clear,
The gayest theyve ever pealed;
Let bonfires flames the dark night cheer,
We are masters of the field
But list! dost hear that
Bove the joyous revelry?
Rising from hillside and lowly vale,
Say, what can its meaning be?
From Erins sunny emerald shore
It trembles upon the gale,
And rises with the torrents roar
From the birth place of the Gael.
Fair Albion, too, in every spot
Of thy land of promise wide
Is heard that dirge for the mournful lot
Of thy soldier sonsthy pride.
Them shall no bugle at dawn of day
Arouse from their quiet sleep,
Them shall no charger with shrill neigh
Bear off to the hillside steep.
Mid the dead and dying
On Crimeas blood stained earth,
Lie the household gods of many a home,
The lights of many a hearth:
While, vainly womans weeping voice
Calls on each well loved one
The tender wife on her girlhoods choice,
The fond mother on her son.
And not only from the
Comes that mournful, dirge like cry,
Tis heardunto all a common lot
Where dwell the great and high;
And tears fall fast for the last lost child
Of many a noble race,
Who has perished in that struggle wild,
And left none to fill his place.
Yet if above our laurels bright
Falls many a bitter tear,
Still, still, may we find a gleam of light,
Our stricken hearts to cheer;
They have fallen in the countrys cause
That their youth and manhood nursed,
They have fallen true to honors laws,
In a sacred strife and just.
Rosanna Eleanor Leprohon
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