Capt. Henry Montolieu Bouverie (d 1854 aged 24), Capt. Coldstream Guards, who was killed at the Battle of Inkerman 5 November 1854.

He was the only son of Lt-Gen. Sir Henry Frederick Bouverie (1783-1852), GCB, GCMG, Governor of Malta, of Woolbeding Hall, Woolbeding, Sussex (son of Hon. Edward Bouverie (1738-1810) of Delapre Abbey, Northamptonshire, second surviving son of Jacob Bouverie (1694-1761), 1st Viscount Folkestone, whose eldest son, William (1725-1776), was created Earl of Radnor in 1765) and Julia de Montolieu. Henry's sister, Henrietta (d 1929), married in 1851 Hugh Montolieu Hammersley (1825-1896), 5th Baron of St. Hippolyte (Holy Roman Empire).

An officer of the Coldstream Guards

The Coldstream Guards at Inkerman ('Second charge of the Guards when they retook the Two Gun Battery at the Battle of Inkerman')

The Coldstream Guards at Inkerman

Battle of Inkerman
From the Correspondence of LONDON MORNING HERALD

BAKLAVA, 10 O'Clock PM, 8 November

By the delay of the Caradoc, which carries down the dispatches to Constantinople, I have an opportunity of sending a few more particulars of the bloody struggle at Inkerman. It is now admitted on all hands that the attack of the enemy took the English completely by surprise, and a good deal of murmuring and dissatisfaction is expressed at our right flank near Inkermann being left without either trenches or breastworks. Had there been either the Russian loss would have been double, and our loss less than half of what we have now to deplore. Our total loss is 38 officers killed, 95 wounded, and 2400 rank and file killed and wounded-in all, upwards of 2500 men, which just now we can ill afford. The French lost 12 officers killed, 35 wounded, and 1500 rank and file killed and wounded. the Russian loss is far beyond what was first estimated. At the lowest computation it seems rather over than under the enormous amount of 20,000 men. Up to this evening, 5,000 corpses have been intorred, and there still remains as many more upon the field.

Neither the Duke of CAMBRIDGE nor Major MACDONALD are, as it was first reported, wounded. both had most extraordinary escapes. The Duke had his horse completely smashed under him by a round shot, and the fall of the animal bruised his leg severely. Beyond this he was not hurt. Major MACDONALD, also, as at Alma, had his horse killed under him. In fact, nearly all the staff officers were either wounded or had their horses killed. Perhaps there never was an infantry action in which so many chargers, and artillery horses were destroyed. Altogether, with staff, we lost about 150, the French about 100, and the Russians nearly 400 horses. Their mangled bodies quite covered the ground. Lord RAGLAN and staff were in the front of the troops, and in the very thickest of the fire. So hot was the cannonade and musketry round his lordship that no one can understand how he escaped uninjured. An 8-in. shell came roaring and hissing along the ground, passed right between the legs of Lord RAGLAN'S horse, and exploded behind him and the staff. They were covered for the moment with dust and smoke, but fortunately escaped unhurt. Major-General STRANGWAYS was killed close beside Lord RAGLAN. When raised from the ground he was perfectly calm and collected, and appeared not to suffer in the least. His thigh was fractured near the hip joint, and the brave old soldier looked at the mangled limb with perfect composure, saying he knew the wound was mortal. He died in about half an hour after the amputation was performed. Sir GEORGE CATHCART, who was only a few paces in front of Lord RAGLAN, was shot through the heart, and fell from his horse a dead man. Colonel SEYMOUR, who was with him instantly dismounted, and was endeavoring to raise the body, when he himself received a ball which fractured his leg. He fell to the ground beside his general, and a Russian officer and five or six men running in bayoneted him, and cut him to pieces as he lay helpless. General CATHCART's corpse was also bayoneted in five or six places. I have mentioned in my letter of this morning, the cold-blooded cruelty with which the enemy treated all the wounded who fell into their hands. In not one solitary instance, as far as can yet be ascertained, was a man spared.

The Coldstream Guards, when they retired from the Two-gun Battery, leaving about 100 wounded behind, were maddened to perceive that the instant the enemy occupied the place they commenced massacring all the poor defenceless objects. The conduct of the Coldstream Guards should immortalize their name. They fought literally to the death. They went into action with 16 officers and about 400 men, and out of this small number had 8 officers killed, 5 wounded, and upwards of 200 rank and file killed and wounded. The Grenadiers and Fusiliers also performed prodigies. On the whole, the brigade of guards lost 13 officers killed, 15 wounded, and 580 rank and file, out of about 1,600 men engaged. The Coldstreams charged the enemy at the point of the bayonet eleven times. At each time the Russians crossed bayonets, and fought fiercely, but were slaughtered like sheep by our gallant fellows. The three battalions of Guards now barely mustered 1,000 effective men. After the Guards, the 2d and 4th divisions have suffered most. The 95th and 30th Regiments are the principal sufferers, having lost most of their officers and men. The unfortunate 23d Regiment of the light division, which was so terribly cut up at Alma, has again last heavily. The 20th and 55th Regiments, of the 4th division, have lost many men and officers, as well as the 41st, 47th, and 49th Regiments, of the 2d division. A council of war had been held between the chiefs of the allies on the 4th, at which it was decided Sebastopol should be stormed on the 6th. Another council of war was to have been held on the 5th, when the sudden attack prevented it. So completely were the English taken by surprise, that some of the regiments came up by small companies at a time. Had there been anything but English troops in the position, the surprise would have been fatal.

The Return from Inkerman by Lady Butler

Funeral of Coldstream Guards officers killed at Inkerman

Eight officers of the Coldstream Guards died at Inkerman on 5th November 1855. This painting shows officers of the regiment being buried. There is a memorial on Cathcart's Hill with the following names on it:

Lt-Col Hon Thomas Vesey Dawson aged 35
Lt-Col C Murray Cowell aged 30
Lt-Col Lionel D Mackinnon aged 29
Capt Hon G C C Eliot aged 26
Capt Henry M Bouverie aged 24
Capt Frederick H Ramsden aged 24
Lieut Edward A Disbrowe aged 20
Lieut Cavendish H Greville aged 20

Officers' graves at Cathcart Hill. The Memorial says 'Here lie the bodies of Lt. Colonel the Honble. T. Vesey Dawson, Lt Colonel C. Murray Cowell, Lt. Colonel Lionel D. Mackinnon, Captain Henry M. Bouverie, Captain the Honble. G.C.C. Eliot, Captain Edward A. Disbrowe, Captain Frederick H. Ramsden, Lieut. Cavendish H. Greville. of the Coldstream Guards who fell at Inkerman on the 5th Novr 1854.' They were buried in one grave.

Graves of officers in the fort at Cathcart Hill by William Simpson (1823-1899)

These graves were apparently destroyed during the Cummunist era.

Cathcart Hill monument today

View from Cathcart Hill monument today

Monument in St. Paul's Cathedral to officers of the Coldstream Guards killed at Inkerman including Capt. Henry Monolieu Bouverie. An image of the gravestone at Cathcart Hill is shown.

Further monuments to Captain Henry Montolieu Bouverie are:

Royal Military Chapel, Wellington Barracks, London:

"In memory of Lieutenant and Captain Henry Montolieu Bouverie, Coldstream Guards. Killed at Inkerman, 5th November 1854. Only son of Lieut-General Sir H. Bouverie, also of the Coldstream. Placed by a comrade, the last surviving in the regiment, 1880. Arthur Lyon Fremantle, Colonel and Lieut.-Colonel."

I believe that this monument was destroyed by a V1 bomb during World War II.

All Hallows Church, Woolbeding, Sussex:

All Hallows Church, Woolbeding, Sussex, with Woolbeding Hall in the background, home of Capt. Bouverie's parents, Lt-Gen. Sir Henry Frederick Bouverie (1783-1852), GCB, GCMG, Governor of Malta, and Julia de Montolieu.

"Sacred to the memory of Henry Montolieu Bouverie of the Coldstream Guards, only son of Henry Frederick Bouverie, Killed at the Battle of Inkerman in the Crimea November 5th 1854 aged 24 yrs."

See here.

Royal Garrison Church, Portsmouth:

'HENRY MONTOLIEU BOUVERIE, Captain Coldstream Guards, killed at Inkerman.'

Holy Trinity, Clewer (Windsor):

'Captain Henry Montolieu Bouverie, 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards, only son of Lieut.-General Sir Henry T. Bouverie, G.C.B., G.C.M.G.; killed at Inkerman 1854, aged 24.' (Arms: Quarterly 1st & 4th: Per fesse gold and silver, a double-headed eagle sable, on the breast an escutcheon gules charged with a bend vair (Bouverie). 2nd & 3rd: Azure, a fleur-de-lys gold between, in chief, three crescents and, in base, two mullets silver (Montolieu).

See here and here.

For a history of the Coldstream Guards see here and for Inkerman see here.

Map of the Battle of Inkerman from here overlaid on a Google satellite image. The approximate location of the Sandbag Battery, where the Coldstream Guards were engaged, is shown by the red pointer.

Rejoicing After The Battle Of Inkerman

Rejoice! the fearful day is o’er
For the victors and the slain;
Our cannon proclaim from shore to shore,
The Allies have won again!
Let our joy bells ring out music clear,
The gayest they’ve ever pealed;
Let bonfires flames the dark night cheer,
We are masters of the field

But list! dost hear that mournful wail
’Bove the joyous revelry?
Rising from hillside and lowly vale,—
Say, what can its meaning be?
From Erin’s sunny emerald shore
It trembles upon the gale,
And rises with the torrent’s roar
From the birth place of the Gael.

Fair Albion, too, in every spot
Of thy land of promise wide
Is heard that dirge for the mournful lot
Of thy soldier sons—thy pride.
Them shall no bugle at dawn of day
Arouse from their quiet sleep,
Them shall no charger with shrill neigh
Bear off to the hillside steep.

’Mid the dead and dying stretched unknown
On Crimea’s blood stained earth,
Lie the household gods of many a home,
The lights of many a hearth:
While, vainly woman’s weeping voice
Calls on each well loved one—
The tender wife on her girlhoods choice,
The fond mother on her son.

And not only from the peasant’s cot
Comes that mournful, dirge like cry,
’Tis heard—unto all a common lot—
Where dwell the great and high;
And tears fall fast for the last lost child
Of many a noble race,
Who has perished in that struggle wild,
And left none to fill his place.

Yet if above our laurels bright
Falls many a bitter tear,
Still, still, may we find a gleam of light,
Our stricken hearts to cheer;
They have fallen in the country’s cause
That their youth and manhood nursed,
They have fallen true to honor’s laws,
In a sacred strife and just.

Rosanna Eleanor Leprohon

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