The Exilarchs (this list is an excerpt from this page with acknowledgment to the author, David Hughes)

Note:

*Yazdgerd III sent the famous letter to Omar Ibn-Khat'tab, the Calif of Islam, in which he wrote 'We, in the name of Ahuramazda, practice compassion and love and goodness and righteousness and forgiveness, and care for the dispossessed and the unfortunate. But you, in the name of your "Allah-u-Akbar" commit murder, create misery and subject others to suffering!'

1st dynasty

1. Jehoiakin or Jeconiah, King of Judah, died 559 BC
2. Shealtiel, step-son, his 'acknowledged heir' (Mt 1:12), son of the wife of King Jehoiakin (Jeconiah), namely, Tamar, the dynasty’s heiress, by a former husband, Prince Neri[ah] (Lk 3:27), was reckoned the 'royal Davidic heir' after the death of the late King, Jehoiakin, and numbered the 2nd Exilarch (d 545). Line of descent from King David is David, Nathan, Mattatha[n], Menon (Menna), Melea, Eliakim, Jonam, Joseph, Jude, Simeon, Levi, Mattatha[n], Joram, Eliezer, Jose (Joshua), Er, Elmodam, Cosam, Addi, Melchi, Neri[ah], Shealtiel.
3. Zerubabel (Zorobabel), son of 2, the 'royal Jewish heir', 3rd Exilarch at Babylon, circa 545 BC; 8th Governor of Judea, circa 537/536 BC; 1st Patriarch of Jerusalem and/or 'Prince of Judah', circa 515 BC; recalled and imprisoned 513 BC; executed 510 BC.
4. Meshullam (535), son of 3. His son, Hashubah (Hashabniah), was the father of Hattush 'Nasi', declared 'royal Davidic heir' by Ezra the Scribe, with whom he returned to Jerusalem in a second colony of Jewish Exiles in 458/457 BC, where he established himself in the Palestinian Patriarchate, or Principate, and reigned as 'Prince of Israel' ('Nasi') 455-445 BC. Hattush was the father of Hananiah (Anani), the Palestian Patriarch, that is 'Prince of Israel', 425-405 BC, who is identified with the Palestinian 'Nasi' Anani mentioned in a letter from priests from Elephantine, Egypt, in 407 BC. The twin sons of Hananiah were Tobit and Onaid, co-princes circa 400 BC, founders of the Tobitite (seems to have failed 4 BC) and Onaidite (seems to have failed 10 BC) lines of Palestinian Princes.
5. Hananiah I, c. 510-490, son of 3
6. Birchiyah, c. 490-485, son of 4
7. Hasadiah, c. 485-480, son of 4
8. Yeshaiah, c. 480-475, son of 5
9. Hezekiah I (475), son of 7
10. Rephaiah, son of 8
11. Obadiah [I], grandson of 10 via Arnan
12. Schania I, son of 11
13. Shemaya I, son of 12
14. Shemida, son of 13
15. Hattush, son of 13
16. Igal, son of 13
17. Baraiah, son of 13
18. Neariah, c. 350-325, son of 13
19. Shaphat (325), son of 13
20. Elioenai, son of 18
21. Hezekiah II, son of 18
22. Nakhum [I], son of 21
23. Ezrikam I, son of 18
24. Hodaviah, son of 20 (co-ruled with his brothers Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub (200BC), Yohanna, Delaiah, Hananiah II - see note below)
Note: 20. Elioenai, son of 18; his sons succeeded one another due to wars with the Syrians and their Hellenized Jewish supporters and following the internal struggle between the Maccabees and the Davidians.

25. Hillel ["A"], son of 24
26. Kizkiya, son of 25
27A Yair bro of (27B) Khatush, bro of (27C) Muir
28. Simon III [Shimon]
29. Yehuda
30. Yehoshua
31. Yehuda
32. Hillel [II] [B]
-------------------------------------------
33. Hizkaya [Hezekiah III], son of Schania, son, of David, son of Shemaya [Shemaiah], son of Shlomo, son of David, son of Akkub (24D, above), ancestor of the Akkubite Line note: Hizkaya [Hizekiah III], was father of Shalom, father of Nathan "De Zuzita", father of Hunya, father of Shlomo, father of Yaakov, father of Ahijah, 44th Exilarch, & 1st Exilarch of a new exilarchate dynasty]
---------------------------------------------
34. Jeshua, rival claimant, descendant of the Tobitite Line
35A Eudamus, his bros were (35B) Zamvdas & (35C) Enaneus, father of Babbutan, father of (39) Liunan, Exilarch 40-50 = Tacallippis
36. Mennius [Menodorus] (d 35BC) = Arsinoe [IV], Queen of Egypt
37. Ptolemy Bar Mennius, deposed 13BC by Roman campaign into Mesopotamia and fled with his family to Parthia whose king gave him and his refuge = Alexandra, a Maccabee princess had issue:
(38) Phillipon, anti-king, his sister was Tausorapis, wife of Vonones II. King of Parthia, thru whom a DFA line maybe traced to modern royalty
(39) Azrikas II ["B"][compare Ezrikam # 23 above]
(40A) Asineus, bro of (40B) Anileus, rival kings, father of (41)
(41) Amilias, mur AD25, the last of his line
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--- interregnum 13BC-AD31---
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38. Shemaya II, c. AD30-40, son of Elyashib, son of Azariya, son of Tuviah, son of Pedayah, son of Avihud, son of (27B) Khatush, above
39. Liunan, usurper c. 40-50, son of Babbutan, son of Enaneus, above
40. Schania II, c. 50-80, son of 38
41. Uvada [Uvadaya [II]], c. 80-90, son of 40, his bro was Hunya, father of (42) Shlomo & (43) Pinchi
42. Shlomo, c. 90-120, grandson of 40
43. Pinchi, c. 120-130, grandson of 40, last exilarch of 1st dynasty,


2nd Dynasty, from c. AD 130 to 642

Note: The names in red are the names shown in the pedigree of the Exilarchs included in Goode, Alexander D.,'The Exilarchate in the Eastern Caliphate, 637-1258', 'The Jewish Quarterly Review', New Ser., Vol. 31, No. 2 (Oct., 1940), p. 169. In other words, the names in red are the names of those exilarchs who Goode regarded as proven historical figures (which is not to say that he regarded the others as not being historical; he just wasn't necessarily aware of them at the time).

1. Ahija[h], 130-145, descendant of 24 (1st dynasty). Descent from Akkub is Akkub, David, Shlomo, Shemaya, David, Schania, Hizkiah, Shalom, Nathan 'De-Zuzita', Hunya, Shlomo, Yakov, Ahija[h].
2. Nakhum [II], 145-170, son of 1
(Nahum 140-170)
3. Johanan [II], 170-175, son of 1
4. Shaphat, 175-195, son of 3
5. Huna I, 195-210, son of 2
(Huna 170-210)
6. Yakob I, 210-215, son of 2
7. Mar-Ukba I [Nathan], 215-240, son of 2
(Mar 'Ukba 210-240)
8. Huna II, 240-259, son of 7
(Huna II (240-260)
9. [C]hiyya, 259, son of 4
10. Hanan (Annan; Anani), 260, son of 4
11. Nathan I, 260-270, son of 8
(Nathan 260-270)
12. Nosson I, 270, son of 8
13. Yakob II, 270, son of 9
14. Nehemiah I, 270-313, son of 11
(Nehemiah 270-313)
15. Mar-Ukba II, 313, son of 11
('Ukba II 313-337)
16. Nahman, 313-320, son of 13
17. Mar-Ukba III, 320-337, son of 14
18. Isaac, 337-8, son of 14
19. Huna III [Huna-Mar I], 338-350, son of 14
(Huna Mar I 337-350)
20. Abba 'Mari', 350-370, son of 17
(Abbi Mari 350-370)
21. Nathan II, 370-400, son of 20
(Nathan II 370-400)
22. Hachni, 400, son of 20
23. Kahana I, 400-415, son of 20
(Kahana I (400-415)
24. Huna IV, 415-442, grandson of 23 via Nathan
(Huna IV 415-442)
25. Mar-Zutra I, 442-455, grandson of 23 via Nathan
(Mar Zutra I 442-455)
26. Kahana II, 455-465, son of 25
(Kahana II 455-465)
27. Huna V, 465-475, son of 25
(Huna V 465-470)
28. Nosson II, 475, son of 25
Interregnum: 475-484
29. Huna VI, 484-508, son of 26
(Huna VI 484-508)
Regency, Pachda, 508-512, descendant of 24
30. Mar-Zutra II, 512-520,
(Mar Zutra II 508-520) descendant of 23 via Nathan. Descent goes Kahana, Nathan, Kahana (Khanai), Zutra, Maremar, Haninai, Mar-Zutra II.
interim: 520-550. His son, Sutra (I) (Mar-Zutra) 'Rav', 'Prince of Israel', founded a new dynasty of Palestinian 'Nesi'im', circa AD 550, ending the interim that followed the deposition of Gamaliel VI (House of Hillel 'The Great') in AD 425.* Apparently, Mar-Zutra II inherited the Exilarchate through his mother, Havah, daughter and heiress of 29.
31. Ahunai [Huna-Mar II], 550-560, son of 30
(Huna Mar 550-560)
32. Hofnai, 560-581, son of 31
(Kafnai 560-581)
33. Haninai, 581-589, son of 32
(Haninai 581-589)
34. Mar-Zutra III, 589, descendant of 23 via Nathan. Descent goes Kahana, Nathan, Kahana (Khanai), Zutra, Maremar, Haninai, Hizkiah, David, Mar-Zutra III
interim: 589-614
(Regency 589-610)
35. Nehemiah II, 614-640, son of 32
36(A) Abdullah, 640-642 dep, d 660; was opposed for his conversion to Islam; was the 'Arab Sheik' who was deposed in favor of Bostanai, who founded a new dynasty of exilarchs. Grandson of 35 via Shallum.
36(B) Heman [I], 640-642, anti-king, opposed Abdullah. Grandson of 32 via Hanamel.

3rd Dynasty, from Year 642 to 1401

1. Bostonai (Bustanai) (d 665), a Davidic prince of the '2nd' dynasty of exilarchs (above), was appointed by the Arabic Caliph as the new exilarch in 642, which began a new [3rd] dynasty of exilarchs, the Bostonaite Line. Son of 33 (2nd dynasty) (Bostonai 610-660)
2. Hisdai I, 665-685, son of 1
(Hisdai 660-665)
3. Ishak, 685-700, deposed, d 705, represented previous [2nd] dynasty (above)
4. Hisdai II, 700-730, grandson of 1 via Haninai Baradai
(Hisdai 700-730 - Goode states that Bar Adai, father of Hisdai II, was Exilarch 665-689. According to Goode (p. 156), Hisdai II claimed to be 70th in descent from King David (obviously based on a pedigree in his possession). Hughes makes him 65th in descent, as shown above. This is quite a close correlation over a period of 1700 years i.e. 1000 BC to 700 AD. The difference is probably accounted for by Exilarchs who were not in the direct line of descent from David to Hisdai II, of which there were many, as shown above.)
5. Zakkai I, 730-733, son of 4
6. Solomon I, 733-759, son of 4
(Solomon 730-759)
7. Isaac Iskoi I (760), son of 6
(Isaac 759-767)
8. Hananiah (762), grandson of 4 via David. Another son of David, Anan, founded the Karaite sect.
9. Zakkai-Yehuda (d 771), great-grandson of 1. Descent goes Bostonai, Shahrijar (Prince of Tabaristan), Yomtov-Ruzbihan (Ahunai), Zakkai-Yehuda
(Judah/Zakkai b. Akhunai 767-800)
10. Natronai I 771-3, dep, great-great-grandson of 1. Descent goes Bostonai, Haninai Baradai, Nehemiah, Haninai, Natronai.
11. Makhir, 773 dep, great-great-grandson of 1. Descent goes Bostonai, Haninai Baradai, Nehemiah, Haninai, Makhir.
12. Zakkai II, 773 dep, great-great-grandson of 1. Descent goes Bostonai, Haninai Baradai, Nehemiah, Yitzchak, Zakkai.
13. Babawai-Moses, 773-?, great-grandson of 1. Descent goes Bostonai, Shahrijar (Prince of Tabaristan), Yomtov-Ruzbihan (Ahunai), Babawai-Moses
(Moses 800-810)
14. Hisdai III (803), son of 10
15. Samuel I, 803-816, great-great-gandson of 1. Descent goes Bostonai, Haninai Baradai, Nehemiah, Haninai, Samuel.
16. Isaac Iskoi II (817), son of 13
(Isaac 810-820)
17. Daniel I, 820, grandson of 7 via Shemaiah
18. David I, 820-840, great-great-great-grandson of 1. Descent goes Bostonai, Haninai Baradai, Nehemiah, Yitzchak, Judah, David
(David 820-840)
19. Lucke, 840, son of 18
20. Judah I, 840-857, son of 18
21. Natronai II (857), great-grandson of 8. Descent goes Hananiah, Zakkai, Jedediah, Natronai
(Natronai 840-865)
22. Hisdai IV/III (875), son of 21
(Hisdai 865-880)
23. Jehoshaphat, son of 22
24. Hisdai V/IV, son of 18
25. Ukba, deposed twice, 913 & 918, son of 20
(Ukba 890-913)
26. David II, 1st time, 921-930, grandson of 20 via Zakkai
(David 917-940, Goode says that Zakkai, father of David, was Exilarch 880-890)
27. Josiah I, 930-933, dep, grandson of 20 via Zakkai
(Goode shows Josiah as father of Solomon but not as Exilarch)
28. David II, 2nd time, 933-940
29. Judah II, 940-1, son of 26
(Judah 940)
30. Chizkiya I, 1st time, 940, son of 29
(Hezekiah 955-987)
31. Heman [II], 941-951, son of 26
('Member of the B'ne Haiman family' 941)
32. Solomon II, 951-953, son of 27
(Solomon ben Josiah 945-955)
33. Chizkiya I, 2nd time, 953-975
(Hezekiah 955-987 - see 30 above)
34. Azariah I (975), son of 32
(Azariah ben Solomon 987-1000)
35. Chizkiya I, 3rd time, ?-980
(Hezekiah 955-987 - see 30 above)
36. David III/I, 980-1001, son of 30
(David 1000-1016)
37. Zakkai III, 1001-1021, son of 30
38.
Chizkiya II, 1021-40, dep, exec 1058, son of 36 (Hezekiah 1016-1058)
39. David IV, 1st time, 1040, abdicated in favour of 40, son of 38
(David 1058-1090)
40. Solomon III 'Rosh', 1040-?, descendant of 4. Descent goes Hisdai, David, Meir, Moshe, Aaron, Meir, Aaron, Avraham, Aaron, Meir, Solomon, Judah, Solomon.
41. Zakkai IV, son of 34
42. Joseph, grandson of 34 via Solomon
43. Jedidah, ?-1081, dep, grandson of 42 via Jesse
44. David IV/II, 2nd time, 1081-1092
(David 1058-1090 - see 39 above))
45. Chizkiya III, 1st time, 1092-4, son of 39
(Hezekiah 1090-1110)
46. Solomon IV, 1094-6, son of 43
47. Chizkiya III, 2nd time, 1096-9
(Hezekiah 1090-1110 - see 45 above)
48. David V/III, 1099-1134, son of 45
(David 1110-1130)
49. Nehemiah [III], 1134, son of 48
50. Hisdai IV/V, 1134-5, son of 48
(Hisdai 1130-1150)
51. Solomon V, 1135-1150, son of 50
52. Daniel II, 1150-1175, son of 50
(Daniel 1150-1174)
53. Natronai III, 1175, son of 48
54. Judah III, 1175, son of 53
55. Samuel II/I, usurper,1175, son of 53
56. David IV/V 1175, grandson of 50 via a daughter (name unknown)
57. Samuel II, 1175-95, son of 53
(Samuel of Mosul 1174-1195)
58. David VII/V, 1195-1201, son of 57
(David 1195-1240)
59. Azariah II, 1201-1216, son of 58
60. David VIII/VI (1216), son of 54
61. Hasdai V/VI, son of 56
62. Solomon VI, son of 61
63. Hisdai VI/VII, grandson of 54 via Joshua
64. Daniel III, ?-1240, grandson of 54 via Shlomo
65. Samuel IV/III, 1240-1270, son of 59
(Samuel 1240-1270. This is the last Exilarch shown in Goode's pedigree)
66. Josiah II, 1270-?, great-grandson of 53. Descent goes Natronai, David, Solomon, Josiah.
67. David IX/VII (1288), son of 63
68. Daniel IV, son of 62
69. Nissim (1295), grandson of 60 via Abraham
70. Judah IV (1300), son of 66
71. Solomon VII, son of 70
72. David X, son of 71
73. Sar-Shalom (1341), grandson of 65 via Phineas
(Goode mentions 'Nasi Sar Shalom b. Pinhos' as Exilarch in 1341 in the text of his article but he is not shown in Goode's pedigree)
74. Melchi 'Nasi', ?-1365, son of 73
75. Shalom, 1365-1401, son of 74, deposed by Tartar King Tamerlane. However, his descendants continued to be recognized by the Jews of the 'Diaspora' as their kings until their extinction upon the death of Pasha, called 'King of the Jews' by the Baghdad ghetto, in 1825, the last prince of the dynasty's main-line, upon which the title to the throne devolved to another Davidic descent-line.

*The Patriachs

1. Hillel (active 30 BC to 9 AD), a descendant of King David according to the Talmud.
2. Simeon
3. Gamaliel I
4. Simeon II (d 70)
5. Gamaliel II (80-110)
6. Simeon III (c. 135-165)
7. Judah I (165-217)
8. Gamaliel III (217-c. 235)
9. Judah II (c. 235-250)
10. Gamaliel IV (c. 250-265)
11. Judah III (265-330)
12. Hillel II (330-365)
13. Gamaliel V (365-380)
14. Judah IV (380-400)
15. Gamaliel VI (400, suspended 415
by Theodosius II, the Byzantine Emperor, who abolished the Palestinian Patriarchate, d 425)

The office of Palestinian Patriarch/Prince was later revived, for we find another dynasty reigning at Tiberias, c. 550 to c. 890, and a rival dynasty at Jerusalem from 691 to 1099. There was another dynasty reigning in Palestine from 1187 to 1849.

From what I can see, there were two lines of Palestinian 'Nasim' or Princes, the Tobitite (seems to have failed 4 BC) and Onaidite (seems to have failed 10 BC) lines, which survived until the time of Herod, then there was the line of Hillel as listed above, which lasted until 415, then another line of Princes, founded in about 550 by Sutra, son of Mar-Zutra, 30th Exilarch of the 2nd dynasty, who were apparently ancestors of the Ibn Yahya family. From what I have read, the Exilarchs took precedence over the Palestinian Nasi, though both were descendants of the House of David.

I Chronicles iii 17-24

17 And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son,
18 Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.
19 And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister:
20 And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushabhesed, five.
21 And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah.
22 And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six.
23 And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.
24 And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.

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